Contents: (1) The Creation of the world both visible and invisible; (2) The Creation of man and his bliss in Paradise; (3) The Fall of the ancestors, the penalty for sin and the promise of the Savior; (4) Cain and Abel; (5) The Great Flood; (6) The Children Of Noah; (7) Pandemonium Babylonian. The emergence of idolatry; (8) Abraham; (9) The Vision of the mysterious Jacob ladder; (10) Joseph; (11) Joseph in Egypt; (12) The meeting of Joseph with brothers; (13) Moses; (14) Paskha (Passover) and the Exodus of Jews from Egypt; (15) The Walk through the Black sea and other miracles during their travel in the Promised land; (16) The presentation of the Law at mount Sinai; (17) The Tabernacle (Скиния); (18) The Entry of Jews into the Promised land; (19) The Judges; (20) Saul, the first king of the Jews; (21) The Victory of David over Goliath; (22) The Reign Of David; (23) Solomon; (24) The Division of the Jewish Kingdom into two: Jewish and Israeli. The fate of both of the Kingdom; (25) The Prophets; (26) The Prophet Elijah; (27) The Prophet Elisha; (28) The Prophet Jonah; (29) The Prophet Isaiah, the predictions about the Savior of the other prophets; (30) The Moral Education (Воспитание) of Daniel, Hananiah, Azariah and Mishael; (31) Daniel explains the dream to Новуходоносору; (32) Three youths in the fiery furnace; (33) Daniel in the lion's den; (34) The return of the Jews from the captivity of Babylon. Building of the second temple; (35) The brothers Maccabees.
The basis of Christian teaching is the life, miracles, parables and teaching of the Lord Jesus Christ. All prayer, worship during the whole
year holidays, Church history, the moral teaching, the teaching of life, everything, everything in Christianity comes from there. Therefore, the
Old Testament is interpreted from the position of the New Testament.
From textbook: Протоиерея Аполлония Темномерова, Священная История Новаго Завета, Петроград, 1915 г.
Under the sky should understand the invisible world, or angels. Angels are incorporeal spirits, they are immortal and reasonable. The highest of them are called cherubim, Seraphim, the archangels. All the angels were created by God good, but one of the highest angels with some of the other lifted, rebelled and became злым.Бог deprived of rebellious angels bliss and deleted them from Themselves. They are called диаволами and seducing people on all the bad things contrary to God's will.
The land that God created was first неустроена and covered with darkness. Then God gave device earth in six days.
In the first day, He said, "let there be light"and there was light. On the second day God created the firmament, which we call heaven; on the third day separated the water from the earth and commanded the earth to bring forth the trees and grass. On the fourth day he created the sun, moon, and stars; on the fifth-fish and birds; on the sixth-terrestrial animals and humans. On the seventh day God rested from His works, that is, do not do anything again. He sanctified this day and named it the Sabbath, what does it mean peace..
Сотворивши world, God did not leave him without His care, but that rules the world,and saves it helps to be good. This concern is of God, about the world we call the Providence of God, and God Provider.
As we call God that He created the world?
Then, God put Adam to sleep, during which he took from him a rib and made his wife eve. God blessed the first people and said to them, "be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth and subdue it". The first people блаженствовали in Paradise. They knew not any thing, are not afraid of disease and death and had no need of clothing. All the animals obeyed them. The Supreme bliss of Adam and eve was that God Himself appeared to them and talked with them.
What is everyone? That after death happens with the soul and with the body of man? Than Pasha soul is the image of God? God is Spirit, and soul? God is eternal, and soul? God is wise, and soul?
The bliss of the first people in Paradise envied the devil seduced them to break God's commandment. He entered into the serpent and when eve was beside the forbidden tree, with хитростию asked her: "is it true that God wouldn't let you eat from any tree of the garden?"-"No,answered eve, the fruit of all the trees, we may eat of the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, God has commanded us: „do not eat them and not touch it, lest ye die." On it the devil said, "you surely will not die, for God knows that when you eat thereof, then ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil". Eve believed the words of the devil. The fruits of the forbidden tree, appeared to her especially beautiful and tasty; she picked them up and ate, and then gave to her husband, and he ate.
As soon as the first people had violated the commandment of God, they became ashamed and scared. They noticed that they were naked, and made themselves опоясанья Fig-leaves, and when they heard the voice of God, hid themselves among the trees.
The Lord called Adam, Adam, where art thou?" Adam replied: "I heard Thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; and I hid myself." - "Who told thee that thou wast naked? Adam asked God. Not eaten you the fruit of the tree, whereof I commanded to eat?" Адамь replied: "the woman You gave me, gave me the fruit, and I ate." The Lord turned to eve: "what have you done?" But eve instead of repentance replied: "the serpent beguiled me, and I ate."
Then the Lord has determined punishment of men. Eve said she e illnesses will give birth to children, and to Adam that he, by the sweat of his bread, till they die. But at the same time God and comforted the people promise that The seed of the woman will erase head of the serpent. This meant that from his wife's born Descendant Who wins скрывшагося the dragon, the devil. Then God taught the people to make sacrifices, banished them from Paradise and put a cherubim with a flaming sword to guard the way to the tree of life.
The sin of Adam and eve passed on to all of their descendants and is called first-born, or прародительским sin.
What was the sin of Adam and eve? Why asked God: "Adam, where art thou" and "not eaten you?" 0 a Descendant wife said God? What it means to "destroy the head of the serpent?" Who's that wife, from whom was born Winner of the devil? Compare the life of the first people before and after the fall.
After his expulsion from Paradise, Adam and eve had two sons, Cain and Abel. Cain was engaged in farming and Abel Paz herd. Once they'd offered the sacrifice of Cain - fruits of the earth, and Abel-the best animal of his flock. God accepted Abel's sacrifice, because he bore it with patience and prayer, and the sacrifices of Cain't accepted. After that Cain was jealous of his brother, called him out in the field, and there kill him.
God asked Cain: "where is your brother Abel?" Cain rudely answered: "I know not; am I my brother's Keeper?" Then God said to him: "what have you done? The voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto Me from the ground. For this, thou shalt be accursed and will roam through the land."
Instead of Abel, God gave Adam and eve the third son of pious Seth.
What was the offering of sacrifice? Why God asked Cain: "where is your brother Abel?"
When the human race from Cain and Seth proliferated, people have forgotten God and live wickedly. Righteous was only Noah and his family. God said to Noah: "preach unto the people, that they should repent, and get right; I give them to fix a hundred and twenty years." But the people didn't hear Noah and continued to live as before. Then Noah, according to the commandment of God, built the ark, that is, the great ship, and entered it himself, with his wife and his three sons with their wives, and took with him all the birds and animals-net on seven pairs, and unclean for two pair. After that, forty days and forty nights, heavy rain; water is made from the rivers and the seas and covered the earth with the highest mountains. All people, animals and birds, except those with Noah in the ark, drowned. This is called the great flood.
Through a hundred and fifty days the water began to subside, and the ark rested on mount Ararat. When the earth was dried up, Noah left the ark, and first of all brought peace offerings to God for salvation. God accepted the sacrifice of Noah, and blessed him,and said no more of that flood will not sign which put the rainbow in the sky.
How can we call God for what He leaves sinners without punishment? and for a long time He expects them to repentance? Which animals were called clean?
After the flood, Noah began to be an husbandman and planted a виноградник.Однажды he drank grape juice and lay naked in his tent. This saw his son ham, and laughed at the father and the разсказал his brothers Shem and Иафету. But the brothers took a garment, and went to the father, not turning to him in the face,not to see his nakedness, and covered it.
When Noah woke up and heard of action ham, cursed him, his son Canaan, and told him that his descendants will be in bondage to the descendants of his brothers, Shem and Japheth благословил.Симу he predicted that his offspring will remain true faith, and Иафету that his descendants will be and will accept the true faith from the descendants of Shem.
That predicted Noah, exactly fulfilled. From Shem occurred Jewish people, who kept faith in the true God; the descendants of Japheth (the peoples inhabiting Europe) took the Jews to faith in the true God. The descendants of the same ham have always been subordinated to other peoples and some until this time remain savages.
The blessing of the father approves houses Chad (All-wise. Jesus, the son of Сирах., 3, 9).
After the flood Noah's generations lived together and speak the same language. When the same number of people has risen sharply, they decided to build the city and the tower that reaches to the heavens, to gain the fame. But not pleasing to God was their intention. He confused the language of the builders so that they began to speak in tongues and no longer understand each other. Then they had to stop building and dispersed to different countries. Unfinished same city was called Babylon, which means the mixture.
When the people went to different countries, they began to forget the true God. Instead, they began to worship the gods of the sun, moon, stars, animals, making images of false gods, and worshipped them. Such images are called idols, and the people who worship them, idolaters, or Gentiles. Soon almost all the people began to worship idols; faithful to the true God remained only Abraham, who lived near Babylon.
Why God it's evil to people's intention to build a tower to heaven?
God chose the righteous Abraham, to save his descendants from the true faith. He appeared to Abraham and said, "come out of thy land, and from thy father's house to the land that I will shew thee". Abraham obeyed the Lord and moved into the land of Canaan. Here the Lord appeared to him again and said: "all the land which thou seest, I will give to thee and to thy seed." Therefore, all the land of Canaan became known as Обетованною, that is, обещанною. She is also called Палестиною.
One day Abraham was setting in his tent and saw three странников.Он hastened to meet them, and bowed himself to the ground and said to the eldest of them said, "master! if I found grace in thy sight, pass not away from thy servant". Strangers came to Abraham. But these were not simple strangers, and God Himself and with Him two angels. Abraham washed their feet, offered a hearty meal, and he himself served them. During the meal the Lord said to Abraham: "in a year of your wife Sarah shall have a son. Sarah was at the entrance of the tent; she smiled and thought, I have in old age that consolation? But the Lord said, "why did Sarah разсмеялась? is there anything too hard for God?"-a Prediction God was fulfilled. A year later, Abraham and Sarah a son, whom they named Isaac. Abraham was a hundred years old and Sarah was ninety.
When Isaac grew up, God, to test the faith and obedience of Abraham, appeared to him and said: "take your son, your единственнаго, Isaac, whom thou lovest, and offer him as a sacrifice on the mountain that I will show you". Abraham obeyed. He saddled his donkey, and took with him his son Isaac and two servants, wood and fire, and went on his way. On the third day they came to the mountain, whereof the Lord spake.
Abraham had left his servants, and the donkey under the mountain, took the fire and the knife, and the wood laid it on Isaac and went with him to mount. During the way Isaac asked: "father! we have the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for a sacrifice?" - "The Lord will provide Himself a lamb, he answered Abraham. On the mount of Abraham built an altar, and bound Isaac and laid him on the altar and took the knife to slay his son.
But the angel of the Lord held the hand of Abraham and said, "Abraham, Abraham!" do not lay your hand on the lad. Now I know that you fear God, because not sorry for Me thy only son." Freeing son, Abraham saw not far off the RAM, запутавшагося in the Bush, and sacrifice him, instead of Isaac.
For obedience to God blessed Abraham and said that he was going to posterity as many as the sand by the sea, and that in his Seed all Nations will be blessed. Offering up Isaac was a type of the death and resurrection of Christ the Savior.
What Abraham could see that it came not simple страннпки? That means that Abraham took the fire? Who should understand by Seed, Which will be blessed all the people.
Isaac had two sons, Esau and Jacob called Israel. Isaac before his death blessed the younger son Jacob and predicted that his offspring will happen Savior of the world. For that Esau have I hated brother and even wanted to kill him, so that Jacob had to flee the family home.
On the way Jacob stopped in the field all night, put them under my head stone and fell asleep. And here he sees in his dream: is the ladder on the earth, and its top touches the sky. The angels of God ascending and descending on it, and at the top of the Lord. The Lord said to Jacob: "fear not, a land in which you sleep, I give unto thee and unto thy seed. And your seed will be so numerous as the dust of the earth, and in thy Seed shall all the kindreds of the earth".
The ladder, he had seen in a dream Jacob, прообразовала the mother of God, which the Son of God was born on earth.
What land God promised to give the posterity of Jacob? Remember to whom James, the Lord gave the promise of the blessed Seed?
Jacob had twelve sons. Of them he loved most Joseph meekness and obedience, and made him a coat of many colors. Brothers were jealous of Joseph hated him.
Once Joseph had a dream that he and his brothers was out in the field and tie bundles. And here is his sheaf was in the middle of the right, and the sheaves brothers surrounded his sheaf, and worshipped him. Another time Joseph dreamed that the sun, moon and eleven stars bowed down to him. When he разсказал their dreams, and the father noticed him: "what are these dreams? shall I and thy mother and brothers will bow down to thee?" Brothers even more began to hate Joseph.
Soon after that the brothers herd far from home, and the father sent Joseph to visit them. Brothers saw from afar that Joseph, and said, "here comes that dreamer; let us kill him and then we'll see fulfilled his dreams". But Reuben, the eldest of the brothers, said, "shed no blood; cast him better in the ditch." Brothers listened and cast Joseph into a deep ditch, which had no water. At this time, and drove the merchants. One of the brothers Judas advised to sell Joseph, and they sold him for twenty сребреников.Затем they took Joseph's coat, threw it the blood of the goat, is brought to the father and said, "we found the clothes, not of Joseph? Jacob had learned clothes. "True wild beast tore Joseph!" with горестию he cried and long mourned his beloved son.
Srebrenik less than our ruble; 29 pieces of silver are equal to 17 rubles 20 kopecks
Merchants brought Joseph to Egypt and sold one an officer. A few years Joseph was a slave in his house, and then for libel was put in prison. But God could see the innocence of Joseph, and helped him. In the same prison sat cupbearer and the Baker of Pharaoh king of египетскаго. Once they saw dreams. Виночерпию dreamed that he gathered from three vines berries, and squeezed the juice out of them in the Cup, and gave to Pharaoh. Baker saw that he was carrying on his head three baskets of bread, and the birds came and pecked of them. Joseph explained the dreams to. Виночерпию he said that after three days Pharaoh will pardon him, and he will again be the Cup-bearer, and хлебодару-that after three days Pharaoh tells him hanged, and the birds shall eat his body. And everything came to pass as Joseph had said.
Two years after that, when Pharaoh saw in one night two special sleep. He dreamed that he stands on the banks of the river, and now out of the river first seven cows comprehensive and beautiful, followed by seven lean cows; skinny cow absorbed the full, while they themselves do not become fuller. Another dream-like on a single stalk grows seven ears, complete, and after them seven ears dry and thin, thin ears swallowed up the seven full колосьев.Утром Pharaoh called upon all the wise men of Egypt, but none of them could interpret for him снов.Тогда the Butler remembered Joseph and told the Tsar about it. Joseph brought unto Pharaoh, and he explained dreams. "Both sleep, he said, mean the same thing: come here in the land of Egypt in the seven years of plenty; and after them will come seven years of famine". The Joseph gave to Pharaoh Council to prepare for the harvest years much of the bread to his sick of the hunger all the time. Pharaoh understood that God Himself has revealed to Joseph the meaning of dreams, and made him superior in the land of Egypt, the first after himself, and he has instructed to make bread.
In seven fertile years Joseph gathered so much grain that it had enough and starvation years, and even sell in other countries. From all over began coming in Egypt in search for bread, because the famine was throughout all the land. Arrived in Egypt in search for bread and the sons of Jacob. They came to Joseph, and bowed themselves to him to the earth, but did not recognize him. Joseph recognized his brothers, but to see, became whether they are better treated them sternly and said to them: "you are quite right spies come to search out all in our land, to then conquer it." -"No, brothers answered, ' we are honest men, and all the sons of one man. We were twelve, but one is not, and the younger one with the father". - "If you tell the truth, Joseph said that, let one of you will remain here, and let others take the bread and bring younger brother". The brothers began to speak to one another in Hebrew, thinking that Joseph did not understand them: "here we suffer the penalty for sin against our brother. We did not spare him, and hath come upon us so full of sorrow". Joseph retained Simeon, and other brothers released.
Through the year the brothers arrived in Egypt in search for bread and brought with him younger brother Benjamin. Joseph took them gently, told pour bread for them in the bags, and the sack of Benjamin ordered to put a silver Cup from which he drank it himself, and let them go home. But hardly brothers went Joseph ordered his steward догнять them and search, not whether they stole the Cup. The Cup was found in Benjamin's sack. The brethren are all back to Joseph, and fell down before him on the ground and said, "God has opened our iniquity; now we all are thy servants". - "No, " answered Joseph, let it remain a slave to the one from whom the Cup is found, and you can return to the father." " Then made Judah and said to Joseph: "my Lord! our father is old, and the son loves most of all; if we bring him our father will die with sorrow. Therefore, be merciful to me, leave me a servant abide instead of the lad, and he let him return to the father."
At these words, Joseph could not refrain from tears and exclaimed: "I am your brother Joseph, whom you sold into Egypt!" The brothers were confused, but Joseph said: "fear not; for God Himself brought me here to save your life. Go quickly to my father and tell him that he went to Egypt, because still five years of famine".
When Jacob heard that Joseph is yet alive, he moved with his entire family in Egypt. There his offspring soon multiplied and reached the people, which became known as :Jewish. He divided by twelve tribes by the number of the twelve sons of Jacob.
Fulfilled whether Joseph's dreams? What Joseph could see that his brethren get better?
After the death of Joseph and the Egyptians made all that oppress the Jews, and afflict them with their hard labor, but one of the pharaohs even ordered to kill all born Jews boys. At this time a single Jew of the tribe of Levi, the son was born. The mother of three months she hid him from the Egyptians, and when longer cannot hide, made from a reed basket, осмолила her, put her in her baby and put the basket in the reeds by the river.
The daughter of king Pharaoh with the handmaidens came to bathe at this place, noticed basket and told me to get it. When she saw the crying infant, she felt sorry for him; she took it himself and called Moses, that means: taken from the water.
Moses grew up in the Royal court and was taught in all the wisdom of Egypt. But he knew that he was a Jew, and loved his народ.Однажды Moses saw that the Egyptian beats Jew. He interceded for Jews and killed the Egyptian. I knew about the Pharaoh and wanted to execute Moses, but he escaped from Egypt in another country, he settled near priest Jethro, married his daughters, and herding his flock.
One day Moses was with the herds at mount Horeb. Here he saw a thorny Bush that burned and is not consumed. Moses went closer and heard a voice from the Bush: "I am the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. I seen the affliction of My people in Egypt, and have come down to deliver them from the hand of the Egyptians, and to enter into the land of Canaan. Go to Pharaoh, and bring forth My people out of Egypt". When God gave Moses the power to work miracles.
Bush burning and not сгоравший, called Неопалимою купиною.
Is it any coincidence that Moses was saved from the water by Pharaoh's daughter?
Moses went down in Egypt and on behalf of God demanded of Pharaoh, that he send the Jews from Egypt. But Pharaoh said: "I don't know your God and the Jewish people will not let go". Then God punished the Egyptians through Moses ten executions, that is, of the great disasters. Every time began penalty, Pharaoh called Moses, asked to stop the disaster and promised to release the Jews; but, according to the word of Moses, the death penalty continued, Pharaoh again ожесточался and refused to let them go.
Before десятою казнию the Lord commanded the Jews to choose for each site lamb of the first year, without any blemish, to kill him, bake and eat with unleavened bread and bitter herbs, not crushing bone, the blood same lamb anoint posts and crossbar at the door. The Jews have done so. This night the angel of the Lord smote all the firstborn in Egypt, both of man and of cattle, and passed only those houses on the door which was made the sign of blood. Throughout Egypt went up weeping. Pharaoh called for Moses and told him to come with the Jewish people from Egypt.
Moses came out of the Jews to six hundred thousand men, not counting women and children. As soon as the Jews out of Egypt, before them was the post that day was cloudy, and at night the fire, and show them the way.
Day of the Exodus from Egypt the Lord commanded the Jews to celebrate annually and kill the lamb. This holiday was named after Easter, that means: passed by.
The firstborn is called first, that is, the eldest son. Lamb of the Passover prefiguring of the Lord Jesus Christ.
The Jews, according to exit from Egypt, went to the red, or Red sea. Egyptians, похоронивши the firstborn of the dead, began to feel sorry for the deregulation of the Jews. Pharaoh gathered together an army with chariots and horsemen, went in pursuit of the Jews, and caught up with them at the sea shore. Jews were terrified and began to reproach Moses why he brought them out of Egypt. But Moses told them, "do not be afraid and you will see how the Lord will save you". After this Moses, at God's command, he stretched forth his rod over the sea, and that's a strong wind drove the water and parted the sea. The Jews went on the dry seabed and the waters were a wall unto them on his right and left hand. The Egyptians pursued after them. When the Jews are all crossed the river, and the Egyptians were in the midst of the sea, again Moses stretched forth his rod on the sea; water binding and sank all the Egyptians with horses and chariots.
During the trip the Jews from Egypt to the Promised land, the Lord worked many other miracles. When they came out all bread, taken out of Egypt, God sent from heaven manna that every day, except Saturdays, bedspreads in the morning the earth around the Jewish camp. Mann mind was like a small castle and had a taste of flour with honey.
Once the Jews in the desert could not find water and began to grumble on Moses. Moses, at God's command, which smote with a rod of stone, and immediately there came forth water.
Another time the Lord sent to the Jews as a punishment for the murmurings of poisonous snakes which stung people, so many died. When the Jews repented, the Lord commanded Moses to make a brass serpent and put it on the tree, and who was horrified looked at the bronze serpent, he lived.
The brazen serpent prefiguring of the Lord Jesus Christ crucified on the cross.
From the red sea, the Jews went through the wilderness, and stopped encamped at the mountain of Sinai. On the fiftieth day, according to exit from Egypt, a thick cloud covered the top of that mountain, the lightning flashed, thunder was heard, and the sound of the trumpet, and the Lord delivered his law in the ten commandments:
1. I am the Lord your God, you will you Bozi инии except Me.
2. You shall not make for yourself an idol, and any similarity whatsoever in heaven mountains, and whatsoever on the bottom of the earth and whatsoever is in the waters under the earth: thou not worshiped them,nor serve them.
3. Not приемли name of the Lord thy God in vain.
4. Remember the day субботный, hedgehog святити it: six дний do and do them all thy work, and on the day седмый the Sabbath of the Lord thy God.
5. Honor thy father and thy mother, Yes blog ti will, and Yes live long walk on the earth.
6. Thou shalt not kill.
7. Not прелюбы make.
8. Do not steal,
9. Not послушествуй another thy testimony is false.
10. Do not covet wife sincere shalt not covet the house of thy neighbour, neither the village, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any of his cattle, nor any thing whatsoever essence of your neighbor.
After that, Moses went up on the mountain and stayed there forty days and forty nights, without eating any kind of food. God gave him the two tablets of the (stone of the Board) on which were written commandments: on the one first four-about the love of God, and on the other the last six of love of neighbor. Moreover, the Lord gave Moses and other laws. Moses wrote the five books of these laws, and all that was before his death from the creation of the world. So, the first books of the Holy Scripture.
In memory of the Sinai Moses быд of the feast of Pentecost.
Find in the Bible the books of Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
Jews encamped at the mount Sinai for a whole year. At this time Moses, at God's command, made a tabernacle, or a portable Shrine. The tabernacle was built fabrics, привешенных to posts. It had three branches: the court, the Holy place and the Holy of holies. The yard was prescribed to the people; in the middle of the courtyard stood the altar. The sanctuary consisted only of the priests; here was the table with the twelve loaves, candlestick with seven lamps, and the altar of incense (the altar of incense incense). In the Holy of holies only the high priest could enter, and then only once a year. In the most Holy place was the ark of the Covenant, that is, a box, made of precious wood and overlaid with gold. There were stored tablets and a bowl with manna; on the cover of his images were two cherubim made of gold.
For service in the tabernacle of Moses, at God's command, has appointed knee Levi. His brother Aaron put the high priest of his sons, the priests, and the other descendants of Levi-Levites, that is, lackeys.
Why did Moses gave to the Jews portable, and not a permanent temple?
The Jews went into the Promised land only after forty years at the exit from Egypt. On such a long journey, they were convicted of frequent murmur, and disobedience. In the last year journey Moses died. Before his death he made thee, instead of itself, Joshua.
When joining the Promised land, the Jews had to cross the river Jordan. Joshua commanded the priests to go to the ark of the Covenant ahead. And just as they got moist feet in the water, like a river разступилась; water flowing from above, stopped the wall and the bottom of her glass in the sea, and all the people passed on the dry seabed.
When the city of Gibeon was a great battle with the peoples of the land of Canaan. The Jews defeated enemies and have them in flight, and God sent from heaven a hailstone on running, so that more of them died from the hailstones than the sword of the Jews. The day wore on, and the Jews have not completed the defeat enemies. Then Joshua, praying to God, cried out loudly, before the people: "stop the sun, and not движись moon!" And the sun stood still, and not night came, while the Jews are not routed the enemy. With the help of God Joshua in six years conquered the whole Promised land and divide it by lot among the twelve tribes of the people еврейскаго.
Indicate on the map river Jordan. Remember, what a miracle, like the transition across Jordan, God did when prophet Moses.
After the death of Joshua, the Jews often forget God and began to worship idols. Then the Lord delivered them into the hands of neighboring Nations. But when the Jews repented, the Lord sent them избавителей who liberated them from their enemies, and before the end of life managed. Such deliverers called судиями. All the judges of the Jews was fourteen.
Judge Gideon. Once neighboring nation-Midianites seven years oppressed the Jews and confiscated their possessions, and bread. Jews turned to God in prayer, and He chose for their salvation of Gideon. Gideon gathered together an army of thirty two thousand people to go against the enemies. But the Lord said to him, "you're too big army. Tell people that, whosoever is fearful, let him return home." After that, left to Gideon ten thousand. But the Lord said that this is a lot, and commanded Gideon to lead the army to water and those who drinketh of the water in the hollow, take, and those that boweth down and drink directly from the river mouth,released home. And it turned out that the bite of a handful was only three hundred people. Gideon gave each of them a pipe and on an empty jug, which was hidden inside a burning torch. They went by night and surrounded the camp of the enemy. Then, according to the sign, all the men of Gideon pitchers trumpets and held the lamps in their hands, they cried, the sword of the Lord and of Gideon!" The Midianites were scared of steel in the dark kill each other and finally fled. After this, the Jews offered Gideon reign over them, but he refused, and said: "let the Lord owns you".
Judge Samuel. Last судиею of the Jewish people was the prophet Samuel. He rescued the Jews from the power of the Philistines, and managed by the people for forty years. But under the old age he handed power to his two sons, who were tried unfairly: for the gifts they justify the guilty, and condemned the innocent. Then the Jews began to ask Samuel, that he will set a king over them. Samuel prayed to God, and God told him, "to you tomorrow comes a man, whom you'll anoint the kings of the Jewish people".
Why the Lord told Gideon to take with him a lot of troops? Name the leaders of the people еврейскаго, governed by the Jews before the judges?
With a Jew, whose name was Kitty gone ass, and he sent his son Saul with the servant to find them. Walked Saul and then decided to turn to the prophet Samuel, does not indicate whether he where to seek the Asses. Samuel took Saul with a special honor and said plainly that the Asses had already been found, and seeing Saul, he poured the oil on his head and said: "behold the Lord anointed thee to be king of Israel".Вместе with this Spirit of God came upon Saul. Soon Samuel summoned the people to elect a king. They cast lots; and the lot fell upon Saul, and he was declared king.
The first time of the reign of Saul walked according to the will of God, but then he got lifted up, and became disobedient. One day the Lord commanded Saul to go to war with neighboring Gentile people, and to destroy all the inhabitants and all their possessions. But Saul chose all the best in their herds, and spare the loser is king. When Samuel arrived, Saul said to him: "I have performed the commandment of the Lord". And Samuel said, "why did I hear the bleating of sheep and the lowing of the oxen?" "The people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to make sacrifices," answered Saul. Then Samuel said to him: "obedience is better than sacrifice, and the opposition is the same sin as idolatry. Because you reject the commandment of the Lord, and the Lord has rejected you and would give up the Kingdom to thy neighbour who is better than you.
After that, the prophet Samuel, by the command of God, went to the city of Bethlehem and anointed king David the son of Jesse of the tribe of Judah. And the Spirit of God came upon David, and was departed from Saul.
Anoints currently kings? As the name of this anointing?
Obedience is better than sacrifice (1 kN. Царств.15, 22).
In the reign of Saul among the Jews there was the war with the Philistines. When the troops against each other, out of the camp of the Philistine made the giant, Goliath by name, and shouted to the Jews: "why all of us to fight? let some of you come out against me, and if he kills me, the Philistines will be your servants : but if I prevail against him, then you will be our slaves". Forty days, morning and evening, performed this giant and mocked the Jews and blasphemed the name of God еврейскаго. King Saul promised a great reward to those who would Goliath, but none of the Jews did not dare to speak against the giant.
At this time in the Jewish camp David came to visit their older brothers. He asked Saul permission to fight the giant, and took the slingshot and five round stones and made against him. Goliath with contempt looked at David, because he was very young, and mockingly said, "am I a dog, that you are with a stone and a stick COMEST to me?" David replied:"thou COMEST to me with sword and spear, and I go in the name of the Lord God, Whom thou поносишь. The Lord deliver thee into my hand, and all the earth know that there is Israel's God, and that not by the sword and spear, saves the Lord." With these words David put in a sling a stone and threw it into the giant. The stone hit Goliath in the forehead; and he fell on the ground, and David ran, and his sword and cut off his head. The Philistines, when they saw that the giant them killed, were frightened and ran, and the Jews persecuted them and many were killed.
Whether his strength or dexterity defeated David Goliath? What the words: not by the sword and spear, saves the Lord? To whom the Lord gave victory over the enemy, the very small number of troops?
After the death of Saul reigned over the Jews David. The Lord has blessed his reign and helped him in everything. David conquered Jerusalem and made it столицею Kingdom еврейскаго. Instead of the dilapidated tabernacle of Moses, he put in the new Jerusalem and solemnly transferred into it the ark of the Covenant. David wanted to build and permanent Church, but the Lord said, "you're not build the temple because many fought and shed a lot of blood; it will build your son, who will be king after you." .
David reigned for forty years and died in a ripe old age. He wrote a lot of songs, which are called Psalms. The Psalms are the sacred book of Psalms, and often read during our Church services.
Indicate on the map city of Jerusalem. What is the difference between the tabernacle of the permanent temple? Find in the Bible the book of Psalms.
Solomon, David's son, joining her on the throne, offered unto God a thousand victims. The night after this, God appeared to him in a dream and said, "ask for what you want, I'll give you." -"O Lord! answered Solomon, Thou hast made me king, as I was a little child; give me a reason to manage Your people." The Lord is pleasing was the answer of Solomon. And the Lord said, "because you never asked Me a long life, wealth, victory over the enemies, but hast asked the intelligence to manage the people, I give you wisdom such that there was none like thee, and never will, and long life, and wealth, and glory also give thee.
The wisdom of Solomon showed his first of all in the court. To him once came to the two women. She lived in the same house, and each one had the baby. At night near one of them, the baby died, and she put her dead another woman, but the living picked ourselves. That morning by the women began to argue: "the living child is my and your dead", said each. Thus argued ohne and before the king. Listening to them, Solomon ordered: "bring the sword, разрубите living child in two and give half to the one, and half to the other". One of the women at these words, she cried: "give better her baby, but don't kill him!" The other, on the contrary, said: "chop may not get either her or me." The king then said: "do not kill a child, and take it first to the woman: she is his mother".
Solomon was famous even the construction of the Church in Jerusalem. The temple was built on the model of the tabernacle, but was larger and more fascinating than her. Its walls were outside lined with white marble, and inside gold; all facilities for worship have been made of gold. When the temple was ready, and he brought the ark of the Covenant, the glory of the Lord, as a cloud filled the temple, and from the sky сощел fire prepared and consumed the sacrifice.
The end of his life, Solomon angered the God. He had many wives; among them were язычницы. He built a pagan temple and himself go. For this the Lord by the prophet announced Solomon that Jewish Kingdom after his death, splits, and his son will get smaller part.
In a prayer, the Lord teaches us to pray that He had only the most necessary? Solomon knew a baby, a mother?
Upon Solomon's death, the Jewish Kingdom was divided into two kingdoms. The tribe of Judah and Benjamin remained faithful son of Solomon, Rehoboam, and the other ten tribes elected king Jeroboam. The Kingdom of Rehoboam was called Judah, and the Kingdom of Jeroboam-Israeli. Столицею in the Kingdom of Judah was the city of Jerusalem, and in the Israeli - Samaria.
The inhabitants of the Kingdom of Israel walked in the great feasts in the worship of God in the temple of Jerusalem. King Jeroboam did not like them: for he was afraid that his subjects closer with the Jews, and join the Jewish Kingdom. That they never went to Jerusalem, thou Jeroboam put in two cities of his Kingdom two calves of gold, and announced to the people. "for you to go up to Jerusalem : behold your gods, who brought you out of Egypt". And the whole people of Israel became, instead of the true God, to worship idols.
Successive kings of Israel were as wicked as Jeroboam. Together with them worshipped idols and people. The Lord punished the Israelites. The king of Assyria conquered the Kingdom of Israel and many residents took prisoner, and carried away the Gentiles ассириян.Они mingled with the rest of the Israelis and formed the people, which became known as the Samaritans. The Samaritans did not speak to clean the Jewish language,and although believed in the true God, but did not leave and their former pagan beliefs Jews despised the Samaritans, not to sit with them at the table and tried, not even talk with them.
Jews often forgotten the true God and fell into the wickedness and idolatry. The Lord punished and the Kingdom of Judah: it was conquered by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar, a city of Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed and people allocated in captivity.
Indicate on the map of the Kingdom-иудейокое and Israeli and their capitals. What of these kingdoms? Name the kings before the division of the Jewish kings.
Prophets are called such Holy men who, through the inspiration of God, predicted the future. The prophets have taught people the true faith and worked many miracles.
The prophet Elijah lived when the wicked Israelite king Ahab, who himself worshipped the idol of Baal and forced to the same people. Elijah came to Ahab, and on behalf of God announced to him: "thy wickedness in these years there will be no rain or dew, but according to my word". And so it happened. Started a terrible drought; even the grass died, and famine swept. Elijah at that time lived in the wilderness one of the Creek where crows, at the command of God, brought him bread and meat.
When the brook dried up, the Elijah went in the pagan city of Zarephath. At the city gate, he met a poor widow, who picked up the wood, and asked her bread and water. The woman answered: "I only left to a handful of meal and a little oil, here I go and prepare for myself and my son, that we may eat it, and die." Elijah said to her: fear not! bake the first of bread for me but for herself and her son испечешь after; for thus saith the Lord God of Israel: neither flour in a barrel, no oil in the cruse run will decay with thee, until the Lord sends rain upon the earth". Ж.енщина believed and did as she commanded the prophet. And indeed, no flour, no oil does not decrease at it all the time of famine. Soon this widow's son is dead. The prophet Elijah prayed to God, and the lad raised.
Three and a half years of continued drought. People began to regret. Then Elijah again came to Ahab, and suggested that he and all the people of the cook two victims,one Lord, and another unto Baal, but the fire do not use. The God That would send fire from heaven on a sacrifice, and is true God, Ahab agreed. The first began to sacrifice the priests of the вааловы. They have prepared an altar, and laid on him the bullock, and all day prayed to God, and cried: "Baal Baal, hear us!" But there was no answer. It was evening. Elijah had prepared the altar, and dug around his рови, put the wood on the altar and the bullock, and ordered to water the sacrifice of water, so that it was filled ditch. Then Elijah turned with prayer to the Lord, and immediately came down fire from the heavens, which not only has burned wood and sacrifice, but destroyed and water, наполнявшую ditch, and the stones of which was built an altar. All the people in fear fell upon the ground and cried out: "the God of Elijah is the true God!" After this the Lord sent rain on the earth.
At the command of God, Elijah anointed in the prophets of the pupil, his Elisha. Once, when they came together, Elijah said to Elisha, "ask what to do for thee, before I am taken from you." -"The spirit in you, let it be to me twice," answered Elisha. Elijah said, "a lot you ask, but if you see me when I am taken from thee, then you get". They went further. Suddenly appeared a chariot of fire and horses of fire, and Elijah лонесся into heaven by a whirlwind. Elisha cried out: "my father, my father, the chariot of Israel and the horsemen thereof!" At this time his feet fell Elijah's robe, and with her Elisha received twice the spirit of the prophets.
The robe is outerwear.-Again the prophet Elisha: "my father, my father"... meant that St. prophet Iliya their prayers defended the Jewish Kingdom from enemies better than the chariots and the horsemen.
What does the word prophet? When the Lord sent fire from heaven on the prepared victims? Indicate on the map city of Zarephath.
The prophet Elisha in particular was glorified by miracles. After the capture of Elijah to heaven, Elisha had to cross the river Jordan. He struck his mantle of Elijah water; water разступилась, and the prophet walked through on dry seabed.
Near the town of Bethel Elisha saw the children began to laugh at him and shouted: "go, go bald!" Elisha said that they will be punished for it, and immediately ran out of the forest and two she bears killed forty-two boys.
One day Elisha came a poor widow, and bitterly complained: "my husband died and left behind a lot of debt. Now, the lender wants to take over the debt of both my children in slaves." - "What have you got in your house?" asked Elisha. The woman answered, "nothing, except for one barrel of oil". Elisha told her to bring the neighbors, like empty vessels, and poured oil. The woman did so, and oil flowed to гех until it filled all the vessels. She sold the oil and pay a debt.
Commander Naaman, the Syrian king was afflicted with leprosy, and no one could cure him of this disease. He went to the prophet Elisha. Elisha sent a servant tell Naaman, that he washed seven times in the river Jordan. Naaman did as commanded him by the prophet, and immediately was healed. With rich gifts he returned to Elisha, but the prophet had taken nothing from it. When Naaman went home, Gehazi the servant of Elisha caught up with him and begged him on behalf of the prophet of silver and a few clothes. Hiding received, Gehazi came to Elisha. "Whence art thou, Gehazi?" asked Elisha. - "Your servant went no whither", Gehazi answered. Then the prophet denounced his lies and said to him: "together with silver Naaman let go to you and disease". And Gehazi went out from Elisha, covered with проказою.
The prophet Elisha, and after his death made a miracle. Once past the cave, where he was buried, carried deceased, but seeing enemies, hastily threw the body into the cave. As soon as it touched the bones of the prophet Elisha, who died immediately rose.
Who else crossed the Jordan on dry bottom? How do you even know an example punished disrespect for elders? What are the imperishable bodies and remains of the dead saints?
The Lord sent the prophet Jonah in the Assyrian city of Nineveh to proclaim to the people, which the Lord shall destroy them, unless they repent. But Jonah didn't want to go preaching to the enemies of the Israeli people and got on a ship, which went into another country. Suddenly rose to the sea storm. Плывшие on the ship decided that one of them had provoked God, and cast lots to learn, for whom their adversity. The lot fell on Jonah, and he said, "Yes, I have sinned before the Lord! throw me into the sea, and the storm has passed". When he was throwed into the sea, the storm subsided, and the prophet by God's command, swallowed by a whale (big fish) and Jonah three days and three nights spent in the whale's belly, praying to God for pardon.
Depart yet for three days Keith threw the prophet on the shore, and Jonah to go to Nineveh. All day he walked through the city and told everyone: "yet forty days and Nineveh will be destroyed." Frightened residents repent, forsake all things, imposed on him the post, and began to pray. The Lord had mercy on the people of Nineveh. But Jonah was not happy this and asked for a God of death the Lord enlighten him this way. Before шалашем that Jonah had made for himself in one night grew a tree with broad leaves and protect ion of solar heat. But the next day the worm has undermined a tree and it withered. Jonah began to regret the dry tree, and the Lord said to him: "now, if you regret plant, at which worked, so I should not I spare Nineveh, in which more than a hundred and twenty thousand babies that cannot discern between their right and left hand?"
The three-day stay of Jonah in the whale's belly прообразовало the three-day burial of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Isaiah was called to prophetic service in a vision. He saw the Lord sitting on a magnificent throne, and surrounded by шестокрылыми Seraphim who constantly crying, "Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of His glory". One of the Seraphim took a coal from the heavenly altar, and touched the mouth of Isaiah, and said, "behold, thy sins are purged". After this, the Lord commanded him to go to rebuke unbelief and the wickedness of the Jews.
The prophet Isaiah wrote a book in which foretold of Christ the Savior, that He would be born of a virgin, will perform many miracles and suffer for our sins. For clarity predictions about the Savior Isaiah is called the old Testament Evangelist.
Of the other prophets Micah foretold that the Saviour would be born in Bethlehem; Daniel - that the Saviour would come to the earth through seventy седбмин after the return of the Jews from captivity вавилонскаго; Joel prophesied about the coming of the Holy spirit on the apostles and for all the believers.
Who is called to be an Evangelist? Who of the kings came from the city of Bethlehem? Seventy weeks, how many years will?
Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, who won the Kingdom of Judah, ordered to recruit young men of noble Jewish families. They were brought up at the Royal court and taught different Sciences, and food did with the king's table. Among the elected youths were: Daniel, Ananias, Azarias and Misael. They wanted to eat the king's meat, not to eat anything prohibited by the law of Moses, and asked teacher to give them only bread and vegetables. Educator not agree, since he was afraid that they похудеют,and the king would punish him. Then Daniel requested of the teacher let them, although ten days, to eat vegetables. And when ten days passed, it turned out that Daniel and his friends not only lost weight, and even healthier and more beautiful than his fellows. After that they no longer forced to eat the king's food. For such a strict enforcement of the law God gave these youths хорошнми abilities. They were smarter than others and have received high positions at the court of the Tsar. Daniel God, moreover, gave the ability to explain dreams.
What animals were allowed to Jews eat and sacrifice? From vegetables that Daniel and his companions became healthier? Who gives a man the ability to study?
Once Nebuchadnezzar saw an unusual dream, and when he did, he could not remember. He called the wise men and soothsayers, and told them to recall and explain to him the dream. But they could not do it and saying, "no man on earth who could remind the king's dream". Nebuchadnezzar was furious and wanted to execute all the sages. Then Daniel requested of the king to give him a deadline of three days and made fervent prayer to God. The Lord revealed to Daniel the dream and its. He came to the king and said, "king! when you go to bed, you thought about what will be after you, and in your dream you saw the statue, whose head was of gold, its breast and its arms of silver, his belly, brass, and the feet part of iron and part of clay. Then from the mountains away the stone, and smote the image in the feet and broke it, and he became a great mountain and covered the whole earth." The king remembered that he had actually seen such a dream. Then Daniel told the king and the importance of sleep. "Head of gold, he said, this is your Kingdom After it will still be three kingdoms, but not so nice. Stone also means that after these four kings, God will arrange on earth His eternal Kingdom." The king worshipped Daniel to the ground and said, "surely your God is God of gods".
Prediction of Daniel fulfilled. After the Babylonian Kingdom followed another three great Kingdom: the median-Persian, Greek and Roman, each of which was owned by the Jewish people. During the Roman Empire was on the earth, the Savior of the world and founded the world-Kingdom of the Holy Church.
Whom God sent prophetic dreams? and who had from God the gift of the interpretation of dreams.
Nebuchadnezzar has set near the city of Babylon of the Golden idol, gathered the people and announced to all as soon as they hear the sound of the trumpet, fell down and worshiped an idol; and if he does not fulfill the king's commandment, that man will be throwed in разженную пещь. At the sound of the pipe all fell to the earth; only three youths Ananias, Azarias and Misael did not bow to the image. The king was wroth, and commanded kindle пещь seven times hotter and throw the youths. The flame was so strong, that the soldiers броснвшие them in пещь, fell dead. But Ananias, Azarias and Misael were undamaged, because the Lord hath sent His angel to cool the flame. Nebuchadnezzar was sitting on a high throne against everything has. Suddenly he was embarrassed, stood up and said, "not three whether relating we put пещь? And I see four unrelated, and the fourth view, like the Son of God". After that he went to and everything has ordered the young men to eat get out of the fire. And when they did, it turned out that even clothes and their hair is not опалились and the smell of smoke was not heard from them. Seeing this, Nebuchadnezzar glorified the true God and under the fear of death forbade all his subjects to blaspheme His name.
What commandment of God performed three of the lad, and refused to worship the image? Well done lads, that did not listen to the commandments of the wicked king?
God't fear, revere the Tsar (1 pet. Petr., 2, 17).
After Nebuchadnezzar, the Babylonian Kingdom was conquered мидянами and Persians. King Darius king of the Medes loved Daniel and made him superior in his Kingdom. The other nobles were jealous of Daniel and decided to destroy him. They knew that Daniel every day three times prays to God, opening the window, turned towards Jerusalem. So they came to the king, and asked to make arrangements that nobody dared to thirty days to handle any просьбою neither to God nor to a man, except the king; and whoever violates this commandment cast into the den of lions. The king agreed. But the prophet Daniel, despite the Tsarskoye prohibition, do not cease to pray to God. His enemies reported about this to the king. Then Darius realized that he had been tricked, but couldn't cancel your orders and allowed to throw Daniel to the lions. The next day, early in the morning, the king rushed to the den and loudly said, "Daniel, servant of God! The God that you serve, able to deliver thee from the lions?" Daniel answered him out of the pit: "the king! "My God hath sent His angel to shut the mouths of lions, because I was clean before Him." Then the king commanded to raise Daniel from the lions ' den, and there throw his accusers. And before they hit the ground, like lions seized and devoured them.
God saves Their elected representatives from every danger.-Remember, whom He saved from destruction in the fire?
The Jews were in captivity of Babylon seventy years. Persian king Cyrus allowed them to return from Babylon to their homeland and build a city and a temple. He even gave the Jews all the vessels that were taken by Nebuchadnezzar, the destruction of the temple of Solomon. The new temple was smaller and poorer temple of Solomon, but the prophets Haggai and Zechariah were comforted by the builders of the fact, that this Church will be a Savior of the world.
The Jews returned from captivity in their native land, but remained subordinate other peoples. The king of Syria, Antiochus Epiphanes, under the authority of whom were Jews wanted all of his subjects to speak in one-Greek language and bowed only to the Greek gods. Many of the Jews obeyed the king, but others would rather die than to backslide. One elder Eleazar the Royal sent to forced is prohibited by the law of Moses pork meat. When he refused, they were persuaded to show only the appearance before the people, that he is eating pork. But Eliezer and replied: "in my summer unworthy to be a hypocrite; if the young learn that ninety years Eleazar evaded paganism, and they can be tempted". Then the torturers put him to death.
The Tsar himself led woman Соломонию with seven sons. The king forced them a taste of pork meat, but they boldly answered, "we are ready better to die than to transgress the law of our fathers." Then the king gave them over to fierce tortures. They cut languages, cut off the hands and feet, stripped the skin, burning with red-hot frying pans. So were tortured six brothers. The youngest king with kindness urged not to resist, generously promised to reward him, and finally turned to the mother that she had advised his son to fulfill the request of the king. But she went to her son and said: "my son! fear not the torturer and meet death as well as your brothers". Then the king put to death, and younger brother, subjecting him to an even greater punishment. Then was tortured and beaten and mother.
When it was time for the coming of the Savior of the world, the Jews were under властию римлян.Это was the fourth great Kingdom of predicted by the prophet Daniel. The Romans put over the Jews king Herod where the Lord was born Jesus Christ.
The creation of the world before Christ passed 5508 years. This time, when the Lord prepared the people to receive the Saviour is called the old Covenant, and the time after the Nativity of Christ-the New Covenant.
What are the names of people who have accepted the faith of torture and death?
Literature on our site.
• Life of Lord Jesus Christ (ДД-21.1)
• Miracles of Lord Jesus Christ (ДД-21.2)
• Parables of Lord Jesus Christ (ДД-21.3)
• Teaching of Lord Jesus Christ (ДД-21.4)
• Учение о жизни христианской (из уч. Слободского) (ДД-35, ЦГ2-1)
• Учение о христианской жизни в вопросах и ответах (по уч. Слободского) (ЦГ2-2)
• Закон Божий (прот. С. Слободской) (ДД-55р)
• Закон Божий (прот. С. Слободской) (ДД-55р)
• The teaching of the Christian life (from textbook by Slobodskoi) (DD-35, TG2-1)
• The teaching of the Christian life in questions and answers (from textbook by Slobodskoi) (TG2-2)
• The law of God (from textbook by Slobodskoy) (DD-55р)
• Seventh Commandment (ДД-8.3)